Dilijan is one of the major cities in Armenia with the status of mountain climate and balneal resort. It is located in Tavush marz in the river Argstev gorge at 1,258-1,510 m amidst coniferous woods. Dilijan is famous for its magic healing air saturated with the aroma of pines creating very favorable conditions for the people suffering from pulmonary diseases.
The climate in Dilijan is mild and sunny with moderate winters (average temperature of January-2C) and cool summers (average temperature in July +20 С ).
Dilijan is a delightful place surrounded with wild nature: velvet hills and mountains covered with miscellaneous herbs and broad-leaved woods with admixture of pines. The mountain forest climate of local places with slow winds, warm winters and not very hot summers make this resort very popular; the mineral springs rich in carbon dioxide which spew directly from the hillsides add to this popularity. This mineral water is very similar to Borzhomi from Georgia and Vichy from France.
The exact time of Dilijan's birth has not yet been identified. However, it was mentioned in the sources of the first half of the 19th century. At that time Dilijan started to develop as a resort town with specialized hotels and sanatoriums. Until 1951 Dilijan was as settlement. Dilijan is known for a significant community of the Molokans – old believers from Russian provinces who were moved there in the end of the 19 th century. Their way of life and traditions, which they have managed to save, are quite original.
The city's center is on the right bank of the river Agstev where residential area and shops are concentrated. The restored Old Dilijan with historical buildings furnished with attics, carved wooden balconies and fringing of windows and doors is also there.
This area re-creates the traditional life of townspeople – craftsmen, bakeries, cafes, souvenir shops. On the left bank of the river the resort zone with sanatoria and boarding houses is located. No matter where you are in the city, you are surrounded with tremendous mountains and woods. The tourists from all over world come to visit this marvelous city to enjoy the pleasures of its nature and ancient architectural monuments.
Annually, a great number of tourists arrive there after difficult working year to relax, restore health, take a breath of pure mountain air and taste the crystal-clear water from natural mineral springs.