Tajikistan - Travel Guide
Tajiks are one of the most ancient nations of the world. Life in area situated at the main crossroads of eastern civilizations has given them continuous access to the achievements of other cultures. First settlement on the territory of today's Tajikistan date back to the end of upper Paleolithic period (15-20 thousand years ago). Archaeological finds, the works of Herodotus and other written evidence provide information on trading relations, customs, and rituals of the nation. For many centuries the country, involved mainly in trading with neighbors suffered from foreign invasions by the troops of Alexander the Great, steppe nomads, Arabs and Tatar-Mongols.
Cities of Tajikistan
Tajikistan travel destination Penjikent is a Sogdian city, which flourished from the 5th to 8th centuries. It is well preserved and it was called “Central Asia’s Pompeii”. An opulent governor’s palace, homes, and temples can be seen. At one time Sogdiana controlled a key section of the Silk Road, but in the 8th century Empire collapsed and people fled to the mountains. Descendants of this ancient kingdom still live in the more remote regions of present-day Tajikistan name Jagnob Valley and still speak a remote dialect of Sogdian.
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Istaravshan used to be the center of independent state which was governed by Uzbek rulers. In the beginning of the 19th century the city became the "apple of discord" between Bukhara emirate and Kokand khanate, and in the 1860s it was conquered by the Russian armies. The people of Istaravshan were unsurpassed masters-handicraftsmen. Their products - fabrics, footwear, fretwork decorated knives, utensils, embroidery - were highly appreciated in Central Asia.
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Kurgan Tyube, Tajikistan
The city is located in the upper part of a valley in the center of a rich oasis. Some historical data testifies that Kurgan Tyube emerged in the seventh century, according to the other it happened much later. The area occupied by modern Kurgan Tyube was known as Khuttal' in the Middle Ages. It was a huge territory between the Vakhsh and the Panj. During the most ancient period of its history Khuttal' was a part of Bactria. "Heavenly Racers" of Khuttal' were well-known in the ancient times. Khuttal' horses were the basis of Alexander the Great's cavalry.
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Khujand is the capital of northern Tajikistan and the second largest city in the country. The city's history dates back to ancient times. In the opinion of historians legendary city of Alexander-Eskhata (Alexandria Extreme) was constructed by Alexander the Great on the place of the present Khujand (the 5th century BC) and become the city of highly developed culture, important commercial and crafts center. Khujand is one of the centers of mountaineering. Climbers prefer Ak-Su area located in one of the most picturesque corners of Kyrgyzstan near Khujand.
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