Policy and State Structure of Uzbekistan
The head of the state is the President, elected by public elections of citizens. The Constitutional Presidential term is five years. The current President of the Republic of Uzbekistan is Islam Karimov (since 1990)
Executive authority belongs to the government of Uzbekistan – the Cabinet of Ministers. Its members are appointed by the President and approved by Oliy Majlis.
Senate consists of 100 representatives. 16 of them are appointed by the President, 84 are elected by deputies of regional and local authorities.
The Legislative Chamber consists of 120 representatives, elected by public elections on five-year term.
The judicial authority of the republic includes such highest instances as the Superior Court, Constitutional Court, Superior Economic Court, Superior Arbitrage on economic matters, Superior and Economic court of the Republic of Karakalpakstan, and also the network of regional and city courts.
Uzbekistan is divided into 12 provinces (viloyats):
- Andijon Viloyati
- Bukhoro Viloyati
- Jizzax Viloyati
- Ferghana Viloyati
- Samarkand Viloyati
- Surxondaryo Viloyati
- Sirdaryo Viloyati
- Navoiy Viloyati
- Namangan Viloyati
- Xorazm Viloyati
- Qashqadaryo Viloyati
- Tashkent Viloyati
Autonomous Republic of Karakalpakstan and capital city Tashkent also have the detached status.
Internal government includes khokimiyats. Candidates of khakims are appointed by the President and approved by local representatives of elective body. The Republic of Karakalpakstan has own Council of Ministers.