National Cuisine of Georgia

Georgian cuisine

Georgian food: popular dishes

Georgian cuisine is probably the most important attraction of the country. Since the traditional Georgian feast is an integral element of culture, Georgian entertainment should match its high level. Georgians have managed to make their cuisine not only magically delicious but also bright, original, exquisite, unique and unforgettable.

Therefore, Georgian cuisine absorbed the best culinary traditions of many people of Transcaucasia, Asia and the Black Sea coast. The western part of Georgia was affected by Turkish cuisine, the eastern – by Iranian. Therefore, in the western Georgia widespread are the corn flour flat cakes from– mchadi, while in the eastern Georgia people prefer white bread baked in huge clay jugs.

The easterners use corn flour to cook thick mash - gomi - and eat it instead of bread with meat and vegetable dishes. Eastern Georgians cook mutton, use many animal fats along with the core Georgian meat – beef, while in the Western Georgia they eat much less meat and favor poultry – chicken and turkeys.

In the western Georgia they prefer rennet cheeses- suluguni and Imeretian. As for the eastern Georgia there they prefer spicy and salty cheeses – Kobian, Tushin and Georgian. Both western and eastern Georgias are famous for their special spice sauce from nuts and spices used with meats.

However, these insignificant differences can not be the reason of distinguishing between western and eastern cuisines. There is only one "Georgian cuisine" when it comes to reception of a guest of honor. And of course only the freshest ingredients, obligatory sauces, seasonings, spices and greens are used for cooking …

Georgian cuisine - kebab
Georgian cuisine - adjika, tkemali and satsebeli sauces
Georgian cuisine - khachapuri

Meat

The main feature of Georgian cuisine is the presence of all kinds of meats (unlike in Moslem countries) – poultry, beef, mutton, and pork. Caucasian people love and can cook meat. Such dishes as shish kebab, satsvi, chickens tabaka, chikhirtma and chakhokhbili have long been rated as international. They are cooked in different countries of the world! The priority in Georgian cuisine is given to meat dishes. There are dozens of recipes! Read more...

Sauces

The distinctive feature of Georgian cuisine is an abundance of various sauces. One and the same dish can served with various sauces, differs not only appearance, but also in taste and aroma. In Georgia the basic sauce ingredients are berry and fruit juice or pure from cherry plums, sloes, pomegranates, blackberries, barberries, tomatoes which is boiled until thick and mixed with vinegar and spices. All the Georgian sauces are cooked from natural components: fresh vegetables, spices as well as berry and fruit juices. Tomatoes, pepperidge, pomegranate, sloeberry, tkemali are also often used. Read more....

Cheeses

One more distinctive feature of Georgian cuisine is the use of plentiful of cheeses. The structure of cheeses there is very specific. In Georgia cheese is boiled in milk, fried on a spit, in a frying pan, soaked, crushed, flavored with oil and spices. Each area of Georgia can brag about having the best cheese type. Each area of Georgia can brag about having the best cheese type. There are several hundreds of Georgian cheese courses having cheeses as ingredients but the most favorite of all is khachapuri. Read more...

Nuts

Nuts are an essential component for various soups and confectionery. It is impossible to imagine the Georgian table without them.
Georgians quite often use hazelnuts, almonds, and walnuts which are the most popular.
The traditional Georgian dish is aubergines with nuts. They are served with traditional Georgian sauces and seasonings, also enhanced with nuts.Read more...

Spices

Spices are very important in Georgian cuisine. They are used all year round be it breakfast, lunch or dinner. Depending on a season it can be parsley, fennel, ramson, mint, basil, savory, estragon and other greens. Read more...

Georgian cuisine - aubergines with nuts snack
Georgian cuisine - nuts covered with honey
Georgian cuisine - bean salad

Vegetables and Greens

Georgia is a fertile country in which vegetables were widely used as food. The abundance of meats on a Georgian table is always accompanied by considerable quantity of vegetables and greens. The majority of vegetable dishes is cooked with string beans, eggplants, cabbage, beets, tomatoes. They can be raw, boiled, baked, fried, stewed, salted and marinated. Georgian cuisine lists dozens dishes from eggplants which are boiled, baked, stewed and fried and then mixed with various spices and seasonings. Read more...

Soups

Soups are very popular in Georgia too. They are categorized as meat, vegetarian, dairy. Almost all soups are cooked without vegetables but seasoned with flour sauce or raw eggs. The use of tasty sourish matsoni, wine vinegar, fruit juices give Georgian soups their special flavor. Read more...

Baked Goods

The pride of Georgian cuisine is white leavened bread – shoti, corn flat cakes - mchadi, thick corn mash – gomi used instead of bread. Read more...

Sweets

There are just few sweet dishes in Georgian cuisine. Various fruits, berries, natural juices, nuts, honey, and dry grape wine are regarded as desserts. The most popular sweets are churchkela and gozinaki (nuts and honey bars). Read more...

Wine

Georgians cannot imagine even the most exquisite meal without their wines famous all over the world. Centuries-old wine culture is an organic part of everyday life there. Wine, as it I said, is an obligatory item in the assortment of dishes. Read more...