Astana - the Capital of Kazakhstan
On December 10, 1997 the city was renamed to Akmola and declared the capital of Kazakhstan. Later, on May 6, 1998 it was renamed to Astana. Astana is an important industrial and cultural center of the republic, also railway auto-transport junction.
In 1824 it was founded as the military locality, in 1868 it had got the status of the town, and in 1950s it was an important center of development of virgin and disused lands in the north of the country. The industry of the town is represented by agri-mechanical engineering, food industry, refining of the agricultural raw material, and transport. Earlier it was the fortification founded by the Russian Kazak troops in 1830 on the bank of the Ishim River in Karaotkel natural boundary.
Akmolinsk acquired the status of a town in 1862. In the past it was famous for its fairs. Merchants from all regions of Kazakhstan, Russia and Central Asian countries used to gather and show their goods. As the development of untouched lands began, the town was renamed Tselinograd and typified the administrative center of an agricultural region.
Since acquiring the status of the capital of Kazakhstan in 1997 the city's face has changed dramatically. The architects and builders working in the capital create wonderful architectural ensembles, which har moniously combine modern design and oriental color.
The Bayterek Tower has become the city's symbol and its trademark. The height of the construction is 105 meters. At the mark of 97 meters there is an observation deck providing a bird's eye view of the city. The figure of 97 was not chosen at random. It symbolizes the year of moving the capital from Almaty to Astana. The Baiterek Tower accommodates an art gallery, a large aquarium and a restaurant.
Astana is turning into one of the main business centers. All governmental organizations, diplomatic missions of 44 countries and 113 joint ventures and foreign businesses are located there. Every year the city hosts various international industrial exhibitions, conferences musical contests and festivals of Kazakhstani people. In 1999 by the decision of UNESCO Astana was awarded the title of World City.
The city has an ореrа and ballet theater, a drama theater and a variety of museums Monuments of Astana are a linking element between the new capital and its history held in esteem by all peoples of Kazakhstan. Currently many administrative buildings, business and entertainment centers of the capital of Kazakhstan are under construction. Among them is Duman entertainment complex. It is a place for public recreation featuring an oceanarium, a 3D movie theater, a theater, area for slot machines and interactive games, a multifunctional sideshow venue, bowling, a night club, a casino, a hotel, cafes and restaurants and an indoor aquapark. Another attraction of Astana, the capital of Kazakhstan, is the ethnopark "Map of Kazakhstan- Atameken" representing a unique outdoor museum. The map area of 1.7 hectares features cities and historical memorials of Kazakhstan.
The climate of the region is extreme with typically long and snowy winters. Average January temperature is -14 ° C to 18 °C with dropdown below -40°C. Spring is late but amazing beautiful. It comes at the end of March. At this time steppe looks especially wonderful with its wealth of blooming toffees and tulips. Summers are moderately hot, with lots of showers and dear sunny days. Average Julv temperature is pins 20 ° С to 24 °C.
Astana, Kazakhstan - Pictures
|More pictures of Astana, the capital of Kazakhstan|
Astana, Kazakhstan - Sights of Interest
Palace of Peace and Reconciliation
|Museum of The First President
Korgalzhin National Park