Nature of Tajikistan

Picturesque Nature of Tajikistan - Country of Mountains and Rivers

Nature of TajikistanTajikistan, the smallest country of the Central Asia, is located in its southeast part. In the west and the north it borders on Uzbekistan and Kyrgyzstan, in the south — with Afghanistan, and in the east, in its mountainous part, with China.

It is the country of mountains and rivers. In fact, 93% of the territory of Tajikistan is occupied by mountains which belong to the highest mountains groups of the Pamir and the Tien Shan Mountains with absolute heights varying from 300 m up to 7,495 m. The Pamir Mountains is the point where turbulent mountain rivers take their start and reach us at the bottom of gorges and canyons. Tajikistan has 947 (!) rivers which are over 10 km long. The largest rivers are the Amu Darya, the Syr-Darya, the Zeravshan (inflow of Amu Darya) as well as the Vakhsh and the Panj. There are more than 200 mineral water springs have been recorded on the territory of the country, among which Shaambary, Khoja Obi Garm, and Garm-Chashma are the most valuable for the content of minerals.

Nature of Tajikistan, when it comes to flora and the is highly diverse. Rare kinds of animals and birds listed in the Red book inhabit there. Tigrovaya Balka (Tiger Hollow), Ramit, Dashtidzhumskiy, and Sarikhosorskiy (Sarikhosor) are the major reserves of Tajikistan. Tugais, forests and bushes are home for gazelles, Bukhara deers, tigers, pheasants, mountain partridges, cane cats, wild boars, snow leopards and many others.The flora is represented by various fruit trees and vegetation typical for high mountain areas.

The territory of Tajikistan is like a pyramid, the top of which is crowned by mountains. Landscapes vary depending on altitude: deserts and the valleys at the bottom; forests above the foothills, highlands covered with alpine meadows, and the top is ever-frost.

Nature of Tajikistan
Nature of Tajikistan
Nature of Tajikistan

Nature of Tajikistan:

Mountains

Tajikistan is a mountainous country. 93% of its territory is surrounded by mountains, referring to the highest mountain systems of Central Asia: Tien-Shan and the Pamirs. Almost half of the territory of Tajikistan is situated at a height of more than 3000 m. The huge mountains are everywhere cut up by a rich network of gorges and canyons, through the bottom of which, the flows of mountain rivers storm. More...

Lakes

There are several lakes in Tajikistan really worth to visit. The largest lake of Tajikistan is Karakul (the Eastern Pamir). The deepest lake of Tajikistan is Lake Sarez (the Western Pamir). More...

Glaciers

About 50% of the glaciation area in Central Asia relates to Tajikistan. There are more than 8,000 glaciers here with the area of 8.5 thousand sq. km. which is more than the area under crops in the Republic. Comparatively large amount of precipitation and low average annual temperatures create in the mountainous regions of Tajikistan such conditions, under which the accumulated winter hard precipitations cannot melt during summer and are collected as snow fields and glaciers. More...