Itchan-Kala: Open-air Museum
Today Itchan-Kala is open-air museum. It is the old part of the city, surrounded with wall and turned into the State Historical Archaeological Museum. Here on the vast territory of 26 hectares the exotic image of the eastern city has been preserved. But the most striking is that Itchan-Kala is not a frozen museum city. It is a home for 300 families, mostly engaged in crafts.
The clay wall (more than 2 km long, up to 10 m and 5-6 m at thickness) that surrounds the city of Itchan-Kala, has four gates - on each corner of the earth. Western Gate - Ata Darwaza. Gate Bagci leads to Urgench, the former capital of Khorezm, Gate Palvan open the way to the Amudarya and then in an easterly direction, and the gate "Tash" - in a southerly direction.
In Itchan-Kala there are about 60 historic buildings. Here one can see such unique monuments of history, as the citadel complex Kunya-Ark, the complex of Tash Hauli Palace, the minaret of Caltha Minor that is completely covered with glazed tiles, famous Juma Mosque with its 218 carved pillars, a symbol of Khiva Islam-Khoja minaret, etc.