Kazakhstan has a population of more than 16,6 million people. The ethnic Kazakhs represent 60% of the population. Also Kazakhstan is inhabited by more than 120 nationalities, which preserve their language, historical and cultural values.
The largest ethnic groups, living in modern Kazakhstan, are Russians (25%), Ukrainians (2.9%), Uzbeks (2.8%), Germans (1.5%), Tatars (1.5%), Uyghurs (1.5%), as well as representatives of other nationalities.
The Republic of Kazakhstan is one of the most under populated countries in the world: population density is only 5-7 persons per square kilometer.
Also Kazakhstan is the most urbanized country in Central Asia. The urban population represents over 60% of the total population. The most populous city in Kazakhstan is the "Southern capital", Almaty, which numbers about 1.5 million inhabitants today.