Venue: Atakent Expo
Official site: www.agroworld.kz
From 1 to 3 November 2017 the 12th Central Asian International Agriculture Exhibition - "AgroWorld Kazakhstan 2017" will be held in Almaty.
Agriculture in Kazakhstan
Grain and Flour
Under this year’s difficult weather conditions, the grain farmers of Kazakhstan grew excellent crops of grain. Gross grain in bunker weight of about 21 million tons of grain is the second record harvest for the last five years.
This year, 16.3 million hectares were sown with grain in Kazakhstan, including 13.9 million hectares of wheat. The main grain-producing regions of the country are Akmola, North Kazakhstan and Kostanai Oblasts. In 2008, 15.6 million tonnes of grain net were harvested in Kazakhstan.
The Ministry of Agriculture forecasts US exports in 2009-2010 in the amounts of 25.86 million tons.
Kazakhstan holds the leading place in the world in terms of flour exports. In recent years, the country’s milling industry has made a huge progress and captured most of the regional market in Central Asia and Afghanistan.
KazAgro National Holding starts a project of developing horticultural production with drip irrigation applied in Southern Kazakhstan.
The cost of the project is KZT 1,314.1 mln (RB).
Implementation period: 2008-2012.
The project is subject to land development of Akdala massif in Southern Kazakhstan. By 2014, up to 4,200 ha is planned to master production with application of modern water-saving technology of drip irrigation of tomato, onion, grape, apple, pear, apricot, peach, sweet pepper, and watermelons.
Project goal – creation of inflation control instrument for prices of fruit and vegetables – industrial local production of fruit and vegetables for urban population supply.
This year, production of tomatoes has mastered 141 ha with drip irrigation installation at the whole area. 8,400 tons of tomatoes have been produced.
In 2009, construction of a tomato-processing plant is planned.
Kazakhstan is self-sufficient in vegetables in general. The only problem is in rathe-ripes. Insufficient are vegetables grown in protected grounds, that is, in greenhouses. Therefore, the State now encourages greenhouses construction. These past two years, the number of greenhouses in our country increased tenfold. To achieve the required level of the domestic rathe-ripes market, we need an additional 80% increase in rathe-ripes production. To that end, there are governmental incentives, primarily subsidies. Currently, a draft law on food security is pending in the Senate, specifying the provision for subsidising greenhouse vegetables once the law has been enacted. The provision "would be a good stimulus for the development of greenhouse agriculture”.
The greenhouse industry of Kazakhstan is only beginning its development and has a vision for the future as the land for such industry development is available in abundance.
KazAgro National Managing Holding JSC has launched crediting of mini-greenhouse farms. According to experts of the holding, the implementation of this programme will provide for commissioning in the country of up to 10 hectares of greenhouses. "The estimated yield per greenhouse of 12 kilograms per square meter will allow you to make a forecast of some additional production due to this programme implementation to produce in the off-season periods in the amounts of 1,000-1,500 tons per year and to create up to 400 additional jobs in the country,” they are confident in KazAgro.
Kazakhstan’s market today abounds in imported goods; this is especially true of such food products as natural cheese and butter. Somewhat better is the situation relating to whole milk dairy products, but then again the market is tightly occupied by imported goods. A part of Kazakhstan production is not competitive in terms of price. For example, cheeses imported from Belarus and Ukraine are much cheaper even with delivery and customs churning surcharges whereas in quality they are no better than Kazakhstan ones.
There is milk shortage in the country, and the processors are willing and ready to increase purchases from farmers. It is therefore necessary to develop dairy production so that lots of quality, good products could find their way to the market. Milk consumption indicators vary greatly by the region; for example, the annual per capita consumption of milk in South Kazakhstan Oblast is less than 200 kg, whereas on average in Kazakhstan it is about 260 kg.
Meat Processing Industry
Due to the animal husbandry well developed from long ago, first place in the scopes of products belongs to the oldest branch of Kazakhstan food industry, meat industry. It provides nearly 30% of the entire food industry products in Kazakhstan. In meat production, Kazakhstan ranks third after Russia and Ukraine. Since livestock breeding development in Kazakhstan is almost universal, the meat industry is fairly evenly spread in the country. The major capacity meat-packing plants are located in Semipalatinsk, Almaty, Uralsk, and Petropavlovsk. Cattle and sheep from vast territories are driven to these meat-packing plants.
However, overall for Kazakhstan, meat consumption is in excess of meet production. If the demand for meat in 2008, according to national standards, amounted to 735,200 tons, the actual consumption was at the level of 970,000 tons, which is 234,000 tons, or 32% in excess.
The share of beef in total meat production is 45%; the share of pork is 24%, lamb amounts to 14%, and 8% go for poultry. At the same time, the shortfall is compensated by imports of meat: in 2008 this was 152,000 tons of poultry; 13,300 tons of beef; and 2,900 tons of pork.
In Kazakhstan, the total fodder security does not meet the needs of livestock breeding. Scarce is succulent forage production, the availability of which is 31% of the demand; such valuable types of forage as haylage, mono-fodder (grain-haylage), and mangold (fodder beet) are virtually not produced at all. This requires a greater area of irrigated pastures for complete grazing fodder availability for the existing livestock; fodder fund should be also established in sufficient scopes to meet the industrial poultry farming requirements.
At the same time, the Ministry of Agriculture announced in 2008 its willingness to increase subsidising so that to reduce the cost of fodder in beef, pork and poultry production by KZT 1 billion. For this purpose, KZT 2.5 billion were allocated this year; the programme proved its effectiveness and will continue to be implemented. The total amount, approved by the Ministry of Economy within this sub-programme for Y2009 amounted to KZT 3.5 billion.
Poultry in Kazakhstan
Thanks to support from the State in the field of agro-industrial complex, starting from the beginning of the year, there has been a growth in the number of poultry stock. According to terms of the nine months of this year indicators, the livestock increased by 13% in all the farms of Kazakhstan. At the agricultural enterprises, the indicators of poultry stock growth rates are even higher: if at the beginning of the year 15 million birds were produced there, then now this figure has increased by 17%. Ten years ago, there were 16 million heads of poultry in Kazakhstan, now the number has increased to reach 34 million, and the number of eggs produced in the country is 2.6 billion. In 2007, the country produced 65,000 tonnes of poultry meat; in 2008 the amount was 75,000 tons of the same. At the same time, due account should be taken of the fact that the demand in the country amounted to 215,000 tons of poultry meat in 2008.
Farms in Kazakhstan
According to the RK Statistics Agency, the number of farms has been growing with each coming year. The total number of peasant (farmer) households in Kazakhstan as of 1 January 2009 reached 170,000 farms, or 9.2% over the corresponding date of the last year.
In 2008, Kazakhstan farmers produced estimated KZT 158.5 billion worth agricultural products, including crop production – at KZT 144.9 billion, and livestock – at KZT 13.6 billion (5%).