Gumbez of Manas, Kyrgyzstan

Gumbez of ManasAccording to one of the legends, the Gumbez was built by son of Manas Semetey, who transferred there body of father, killed by enemies in Akhyrtash. In other, more spread version, the shrine was made by wife of Manas – Kanikey, who ordered to write the name of wealthy woman on Gumbez to avoid attraction of enemies' attention.

The Gumbez of Manas is situated on the bank of Kenkol River not far from its confluence with Talas, at the foot of the hill which people call “Observation post of Manas”. There is an ancient burial ground of the Hun period (I-IV cc AD) not far from the Mausoleum.

The main place in composition of Mausoleum facade belongs to the stripes with historical and religious inscriptions. One of them is in “cufic style” (an ancient angular form of the Arabic alphabet). It reiterates the word “al-mulk” (power, rule) that is an abbreviated version of a pios ejaculation “The power belongs to Allah”.

The other inscription made in “divani” style runs: “This is the majestic Mausoleum of the virtuous, chaste, modest and the most glorious of women Kenizek-Khatun, daughter of the emir Abuka…” Further the inscription glorifying numerous virtues of Kenizek-Khatun and construction of Mausoleum haven't survived. Only the last word “Four” is preserved and the name of month “Ramadan”.

The style and calligraphy of the inscription containing the historical data have close analogies with the inscriptions of the other architectural monuments of Central Asia constructed in the second quarter of XIV AD.