Agriculture, Industry of Russia

Agriculture of Russia

Agro-industrial complex of Russian Federation consists of industries specializing in production of agricultural products, their processing and storage, as well as the ones supplying agriculture and processing industry with the means of production. Agriculture is the main part of agro-industrial complex. It is characterized by large-scale production. Agricultural lands make up 219.6 million hectares. Major agricultural crops are grain, sugar beets, sunflowers, potatoes, and flax. Among the crops cultivated in Russia are rye, wheat, barley, oats, corn, millet, buckwheat, rice, and legumes (peas, beans, soy beans, lentils). Overall production of cereals and leguminous plants puts Russia in the fourth place in the world (after China, USA and India). Crop farming provides about 40% of the gross output of agriculture; livestock - more than 60%. Livestock is represented by dairy, meat and wool industries.