Chemical industry, Industry of Russia
Chemical and petrochemical industry in Russia
Russian chemical industry plays an important role in the economic development of the country. Chemical industry provides chemical raw materials mining (apatites and phosphorites, common and potassium salts, sulfur and several other products), basic chemistry and chemistry of organic synthesis.
Basic chemistry includes production of mineral fertilizers, chlorine, sodium, sulfuric acid and other products. Chemistry of organic synthesis comprises production of synthetic rubber, plastics, synthetic resins, and chemical fibers.
All potassium salts are mined in the world's largest Solikamsk field (in the north of Perm oblast) with fertilizer produced in the cities of Solikamsk and Berezniki. Another major field of phosphate raw material is located in Egoryevskoye, Moscow oblast. Most of the nitrogen fertilizers are produced in Tula oblast, Smolensk region, Togliatti, Novgorod, Magnitogorsk, Nizhny Tagil, Lipetsk, and Cherepovets. Manufacture of synthetic rubber is located in Yaroslavl, Voronezh, Efremov, Tula region, and Kazan. Later it appeared in Volga region, the Urals, and Krasnoyarsk. Production of plastics and synthetic resins is situated in Volga region and Western Siberia.