Metallurgy complex, Industry of Russia
Ferrous and Nonferrous Metallurgy in Russia
Metallurgy complex of Russia includes the extraction of metal ores, their enrichment, metal smelting, production of roll stock. This industry includes ferrous and nonferrous metallurgy. More than 90% of the metal used in the national economy are ferrous metals with steel leading the way. In the steel industry there are following types of enterprises: full cycle metallurgical plants, the ones producing pig iron, steel and roll stock, steel plants, ferroalloy production of iron alloys with chromium, manganese, silicon and other elements; light metallurgy - steel and roll stock production in the machine-building plants; direct ore reduction.
Non-ferrous metals metallurgy’s volumes of production are significantly lower than those of in ferrous. But the price of its products is much higher. Among them are heavy non-ferrous metals (copper, zinc, lead, nickel, chromium), lightweight (aluminum, magnesium, titanium), alloys (used as an additive to steel - tungsten, molybdenum, vanadium), and precious (gold, silver, platinum). Copper ores have been mined in Russia in the Urals for a long time. The major center of mining and melting of copper ores is Norilsk. Lead-zinc ores are mined in the mountainous areas of Kuzbass and some - in North Ossetia. The largest aluminum plants are located in Bratsk and Krasnoyarsk. Together they provide about half of Russia's aluminum. Production of tin ore is situated in the Far East and Siberia, and metals melting - in Novosibirsk.