New Chinese history

New China (1911 – Modern Time)

New China: Meeting of Chinese Premier Zhu Rongji and Chinese President Jiang JieThe beginning of XX century in China was notable for the activity of revolutionary forces. The yoke of imperial officials and permanent tax increases caused the unrest in different parts of China. In 1900, Beijing experienced the "Boxer Rebellion". The rebels attacked the quarters of foreigners. Only the joint forces of the European expeditionary forces were able to suppress the uprising.

The Xinhai revolution initiated in 1911, led to the fall of the imperial power. General Yuan Shikai forced the Manchus to abdicate the throne. In 1912, a constitutional republic was formed under the leadership of Sun Yat-sen, the founder of the Kuomintang. However, in the course of the race for power between Sun Yat-sen and Yuan Shikai, China found itself on the verge of occupation by Japan, in the course of which it captured the province of Shandong.

New history of China: The monument in front of the mausoleum of Mao Zedong in Tiananmen Square New history of China: Tiananmen Square, the Forbidden City New history of China: Memorial Hall and the statue of Sun Yat-sen

One of the turning points in the history of China began in 1921, upon formation of the Communist Party of China headed by Mao Zedong in Shanghai, five years later, in year1926, Sun Yat-sen died and the leader of the Kuomintang was chosen Chiang Kai-shek.

New history of China: Memorial Chiang Kai-shek New history of China: national monument to the heroes of the Tiananmen Square New history of China: Photography of Mao Zedong

Later on, almost 30 years, China was suffering from a struggle between the Communist Party led by Mao Zedong and the Nationalist Party led by Chiang Kai-shek, which ended with the victory of the first. During the Second World War, the eastern part of China was re-occupied by the Japanese, who fled the country after the capitulation.

New history of China: The Statue of Mao on Zhongshan Square in Shenyang, Liaoning Province New history of China: The Chinese Army - Young soldiers marching through the Forbidden City New history of China: Taiwanese soldiers near Memorial Hall, Chiang Kai-shek in Taipei

In 1949 Mao Zedong, the leader of the Communist Party of China proclaimed the establishment of the People's Republic of China, which still exists today. Modern China is one of the world's developed countries, which boldly entered the XXI century - the era of technological advances; however the Chinese still revere their ancient history and respect the customs and traditions established by the ancestors.