History Museum of Sviyazhsk
History Museum of Sviyazhsk is one of 37 cultural heritage sites which are protected in this island town near Kazan, Russia. From its hasty construction in the 16th century to the impact of Stalinist policy which reverberated even in the small island town, Sviyazhsk has undergone its share of monumental changes and tragedies.
Opened in 2011, the Sviyazhsk museum aims to preserve the stories of past residents of Sviyazhsk and the memory of significant events on the island. To accommodate the numerous exhibits, four historic prison buildings dated to 1838-40 were renovated and allocated for the museum.
In the main building of this prison-turned-museum, visitors can familiarize themselves with life in medieval Sviyazhsk through centuries-old artifacts, ancient photographic materials and colorful descriptions of trips along the Volga. Exhibits such as "Pages from the History of Sviyazhsk" and "The Ancient City of Sviyazhsk” reveal details from the lives of past residents and highlight the island’s medical and educational developments. Patrons can also view a detailed model of medieval Sviyazhsk that recreates the town’s 16th-century layout.
In the second building of History Museum of Sviyazhsk, an exhibition entitled "Sviyazhsk in the 20th Century" recalls the hardships which the town faced in recent history. During the turbulent Soviet era, most of Sviyazhsk’s churches were destroyed and its monasteries converted into prisons. A few years later, construction of a nearby hydroelectric power station caused massive flooding in the city and left it completely cut off from the mainland. Near the conclusion of the exhibit, large-scale reconstruction plans for the town’s notable monuments can be seen.
The third hall holds interesting exhibitions on the history of Sviyazhsk’s correctional institutions, Russian legal proceedings and the era of political repression under Stalin. The fourth and final building includes temporary displays, models of ships which once sailed the Volga and the gallery "Charmed by the Island", where you can admire paintings by Tatar artists which have been dedicated to this unique city.
History Museum of Sviyazhsk is a must-see for travelers who wish to delve deeper into the island’s past and understand its hard-earned heritage.