Flora in Armenia

Flora in ArmeniaThe flora of Armenia is very diverse since it is situated on the joint of two geobotanical provinces – Caucasian and Iranian.

The prevailing are semidesert, mountain-steppe, mountain-meadow and Alpine vegetation.

Grassland - cereal and stipa steppes are replaced by meadow steppes and the Alpine meadows in high-mountains.

Flora in ArmeniaThe woods occupy about 12% of the area of the country and are, basically, in the northeast and southeast. Widespread in the northeast are broad-leaved woods with the prevalence of oaks, beeches and hornbeams with some lindens, maples, and ash-trees.

Poplars and walnuts, wild fruit-trees and bushes (apple-trees, pear, cherry, plum, cornelian cherry, and dog rose) are often found there too.

The rocky and stony soils are grown with bushes – almond and pistachios, Jerusalem thorn, and beans. Armenian flora totals about 3,200 species including 106 endemics.