Pavlovsk, Saint-Petersburg Suburbs
The history of Pavlovsk
The small town of Pavlovsk enjoys great popularity among the connoisseurs and fans of Russian history and the remarkable architecture of the 18th century. Pavlovsk boasts its palace and park complex of the imperial era. It amazes visitors not only by the beauty of its surrounding nature but also the greatness of architecture.
In 1777 Russian Empress Catherine II gave to her son, the future Emperor Paul I, the forest on the river Slavyanka. In 1779 there were built two small wooden palaces, Paullust and Mariental, and later rebuilt in order to enthrall everyone with richness and elegance. Paullust became the Grand Pavlovsk Palace, the pride of the town of Pavlovsk.
In 1788 Paul gave the estate to his wife Maria Feodorovna. After the death of Paul I, Pavlovsk was the summer residence of the Empress. During the Great Patriotic War, Pavlovsk suffered huge destruction. But fortunately the complex was completely renovated and now accepts thousands of tourists from all over the world. Pavlovsk is in the list of cities protected by UNESCO.
Pavlovsky Grand Palace
The palace built in the spirit of Russian classicism –is a strict elegant building painted yellow. The silhouette of the palace is strict and graceful. Its shape reminds a horseshoe. The monument to Paul is standing in the center of the front yard in 1872. The central three-storey part of the palace is quite tall. The facade is decorated with four pairs of slender columns. Between the columns the long windows are seen. The central part is crowned with a large flat dome. The main building of the palace is connected with service wings by means of passages. The first floor of the central part is occupied by living rooms; on the second floor are situated ceremonial halls; the third one was intended for semi-service premises. The side wings housed pantries, kitchens, rooms for servants and other household services. The strict and sophisticated appearance of the palace contrasts the interior decoration of Pavlovsky Palace. The entrance hall is decorated with statues from Egypt symbolizing months of the year. The interior decoration consists of antique motifs combined with elements of baroque. Vases, statues, murals showing scenes from ancient mythology, bronzed glass, colorful inserts made from artificial and natural marble as well as the Urals precious stones were also used for interior decor.
mong the palace interiors a special place is occupied by Italian and Greek Rooms. Italian Room is known for its collection of marble sculptures. Greek Room got its name because of the antique style design: slender columns, statues in niches, chandeliers hanging on the chains between the columns. The throne plafond of the room is decorated with painting showing the sky-pointed colonnade.
Pavlovsky Park is one of the largest parks in Europe and the world's best landscape park. Its territory stretches for 600 hectares. It is divided into seven areas and each one is unique. The park is full of architectural and garden structures in the antique style. Among them are the through colonnade of Apollo, Temple of Friendship, the elegant Aviary, Three Graces Pavilion and Amphitheater. Adjacent to the palace parts of the park are decorated with marble and bronze statues of ancient deities.