Ashgabat Landmarks, Turkmenistan

Architectural Monuments and Sights of Ashgabat

Anau (Enev)

Mosque in Ashgabat, Turkmenistan

Anau city, the center of Akhal velayat in Turkmenistan is located not far from Ashgabat. Up to date the city’s population size is about 30,000 people. Anau was awarded the status of a city in 2008. Today it is a fast-growing modern city with a well-developed infrastructure. The Anau history numbers over 7,000 years. Not far from the modern city there are the ruins of ancient settlements belonging to the Anau culture. This civilization existed approximately in the V-I centuries BC and is a contemporary of Sumerian civilization. More

Ancient Settlement of Abiverd

The ancient settlement of Abiverd is one of the eight Turkmenistan Abiverd settlement, Turkmenistanhistorical reserves, along with Keneurgench, Nisa, Merv, Dakhistan etc. The ruins of Abiverd are located in the middle of the road between Ashgabat and Mary (in the outskirts of Kushka city). In ancient times Abiverd (in history it was mentioned under different names: Baverd, Abaverd, Paart, Pavart, Peshtak) was one of the largest centers of Northern Khorasan, mentioned time and again in written sources as “... a city with fertile land and heavy crops, famous for a lush market and mosque”. At that time Abiverd represented an inaccessible fortress, protecting the townspeople from raids of nomads. The fortress had one gate in the south-west. Inside the fortress in its center, there stood a mosque building erected at the beginning of the XV century and next to it there was a square. More


Serakhs, Turkmenistan

Once in the place of modern Serakhs village in Ashgabat outskirt there located a city with the same name – a large trade point on the Great Silk Road (between Nishapur and Merv). It was situated in the center of a small oasis in the upper river of Tedjen. In the middle of the first millennium BC, it was the place, where the first settlement, surrounded with a wattle-and-daub wall, appeared; today this area is called “Old Serakhs”. With the advent of Islam, the city became one of most important centers of trade roads, that is why the mastership of local architects and builders became well-known throughout Central Asia. More


Nissa, Turkmenistan

Not very far (only 18 km) from the city of Ashgabat in the outskirts of Bagir village there is a unique ancient monument, the ruins of ancient settlement Nissa. It used to be the capital of Parthia which had existed from the third century B.C. to the third century A.D. The Historical complex includes two archeologic monuments - Old and New Nissa. Old Nissa (formerly Mitridatkert) is especially attractive tourists. It is a strong fortress in a form of an irregular pentagon (14 hectares) and one unapproachable bastion. The fortifications are 9 meters thick foundation and were strengthened by 43 rectangular towers. More

Other Ashgabat monuments:

Abul-Fazl Mausoleum