Bronze Horseman. An equestrian statue of Peter the Great in Saint Petersburg
The formation of Russian culture was connected with the name of Carlo Bartlomeu Rasterelli (1675 – 17440) of Florence, who was invited by Peter the Great to Russia. He created the gallery of sculpture portraits of the most prominent people of the epoch. Another distinguished foreign master was Etienne Maurice Faconet (1716 – 1791). He worked in Russia in the second half of the 18th century and created the figure of «The Bronze Horseman”. Unsurpassed in artistic power figure of Peter the Great sitting on a raised horse symbolizes Russia uplifted in a titanic leap by the tzar-reformer’s imperial hand.
The sculpture “Worker and Peasant Woman” by Vera Mukhina (1889 – 1953) crowned the sculpture of social realism. The piece was produced by V. Mukhina for the Soviet Pavilion at Paris International Exhibition in 1937.