Tourism in Tajikistan offers travelers a great combination of inspiring natural landscapes, mountain peaks and alpine meadows, crystal clear lakes, ancient cities that were once a part of lost civilizations. Your travel experience in Tajikistan will combine interesting excursions to Panjakent, Khujand, Istaravshan with active adventures in Pamir mountains.
It is surely extreme and active holiday fans who will be content from tourism in Tajikistan. Alpinism and trekking in picturesque Pamir and Fann mountains will stay in your memory forever.
Trip along Pamir Highway, a mountain highway connecting Pamir with the civilization will be a special adventure. The road takes its start in the Tajik city Khorog running along the border with China and Afghanistan and ending in Osh on the territory of Kyrgyzstan. Pamir highway stretches for 1325 km and reaches its peak at the pass Ak-Baytal (4655m). If you are the one taking a tour to Pamir highway, then you are to enjoy beautiful valleys, colorful mountain villages where lifestyle and traditions remain the same, and see endless starred sky on such heights you have never seen before.
You can drive along the Gissar mountain ridge to find yourself by the lakeside of Iskanderkul named after Alexander the Great, who had been there with his invincible army. Apart from that, tourists will enjoy Fann Mountains and their main richness – legendary lakes hidden in the gorges. Those are colorful lakes, with waters merging from turquoise blue to dark lilac.
The whole diversity of Tajik flora and fauna is in the national park founded in 1996. Mountains, valleys, rivers, lakes, woods and meadows neighbor there in fascinating harmony. It is home for snow leopards, argali, bears and birds of prey.
Tourism in Tajikistan has what to offer for health care. Waters of Garm Chashma hot spring located not far from Khorog are famous for treatment of various difficult diseases. Temperature of hydrosulfide-carbonic siliceous hyper-thermal mineral water of Garm-Chashma hot springs reach +64 degrees Celsius. Scientists researching waters of Garm-Chashma, confirmed its healing features and many pilgrims still say the waters of this hot springs are holy. There is a sanatorium Garm-Chashma on the height of 2600 meters above sea level. They offer treatments for skin, gynecological, musculoskeletal system, respiratory organs and cardio-vascular systems diseases.
Tajikistan also has mineral springs: Khosguni, Chursh, Zund – carbonized drinking water of these springs is used as treatment.
Naming all advantages of the unique nature of Tajikistan, it is also to mention that this country is rich in historical and cultural sights. Tajikistan is one of the most ancient states of the world; its territory was populated before the middle of the 1st millennium B.C. by nations who created famous ancient states of Sogdiana and Bactria. The Akhemenids ruled on this territory; these lands were conquered by Alexander the Great; the Kushan Empire and other mighty rulers up to the Russian Empire reigned there. Such rapid flow of history did leave its track on present cultural tourism in Tajikistan. Gissar fortress, mausoleum of Khodja Mashhad, remnants of Buddhist monasteries of the 7-8th centuries – these and many other monuments will tell you more about important period in the history of Tajikistan.
Khujand is a definite must-see place. Along with Bukhara and Samarkand, it was once one of the most well-known centers of science and culture of Central Asia. You can see there preserved monuments dating back to the 16-17th centuries such as mausoleum of Sheikh Muslikhiddin and mosque Masjidi Jami as well as Khujand fortress built with inner city over 2500 years ago.
Penjikent, called “Central Asian Pompeii” will introduce the traveler to the ancient city with medieval citadel surrounded by residential and social buildings with some of them keeping the wall paintings. There is a settlement Sarazm near to Panjakent, where temples of Zoroastrians have been preserved.
Famous Gissar historical-cultural reserve consists of numerous sights, including Gissar fortress, mosque Sangin, mausoleum of Makhdumi A’zam and others. In Khorog, you will find a unique botanical garden, the highest one on the territory of the former USSR and the second after the botanical garden in Naples.