The son of his, Nicholas II, who became the emperor after the early death of Alexander III, was eager to continue his father’s peaceful policy. But the situation in the country changed a lot. The neglection of reforms, failures caused by the war between Russia and Japan, the activity of political opponents to tzarism led to the explosion of workers’ and peasants’ rebellions. After 1905 Nicholas II government headed for reforms. Russian industry started to develop at the fastest rate in the world. The country exported metals, coal, oil, wood, wheat and other commodities.