However, the Temporary government was not able to untangle the knot of socio-economic problems. The country was standing on the verge of chaos. Having taking advantage of the situation, the party of bolsheviks led by Vladimir Lenin using comprehensive slogans such as “Peace to the people”, “Land for Peasants” easily overthrew the temporary government. The power came to the Soviets. The 2nd All Russian Congress of Soviets proclaimed Russia a Republic.
Nevertheless, the bolsheviks quickly quit the declared democracy and took up command economy methods. In order to reinforce the power the bolsheviks set up VCheka (Chrezvychaynaya Komissiya, Extraordinary Commission) – a punitive body. One of its methods was “red terror”: they arrested and executed without court trial not only those who fought against bolsheviks, but also the ones who were considered potential threat. On July 17, 1918 the entire family of Nicholas II was executed in Ekaternburg.