Uzbekistan Travel FAQ

Visa Questions

To enter Uzbekistan, visitors should have a visa (except the 76 countries for which there is a visa-free regime). In order to receive a visa, you should apply for visa support (letter of invitation) from a tour agency that has a license from Uzbektourism. There are 51 countries with a simplified visa application procedure, meaning that they do not need visa support in order to apply for a visa. For more information about applying for an Uzbek visa, click here.
It is possible to obtain a visa at the international arrivals lounge of Tashkent International Airport, if both of the following conditions are met: There is no Uzbekistan Embassy or Consulate in the country, where you are originating your flight to Uzbekistan. Connecting flight to Uzbekistan, in the country where Uzbekistan Embassy or Consulate exists, does not provide enough time to obtain a visa.
A Letter of Invitation (LOI or Visa Support Letter) is a written document in support of a person seeking a visa to enter a foreign country. LOI for tourists visas are issued by travel agencies and approved by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Tour agency submits a visa application to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Ministry reviews the application, reserving the right to deny any application without providing explanations. Approved visa support is telexed directly to the Embassy or Consulate in the country where you intend to obtain your visa. However, this cannot guarantee visa issuance at the Embassy.
Consular fee – money charged by consulate or embassy to issue a visa.
Group visa is a visa issued for a group. A group is defined as five or more applicants traveling to the same location for the same purpose.

Here we have collected answers to frequently asked questions about Uzbekistan e-visa, processing time, fees and others.

Before Arrival

Spring (April to June) and autumn (September to October) are generally the most pleasant time to travel. The weather at this time is clear, in April you will enjoy colorful yet short spring in deserts. Autumn is harvest time, and the markets are full of fresh fruit. For those who enjoy hiking, June and August is the best time, because of dry summer.
In winter temperature usually varies between -5 and +5 (all temperatures are in Celsius), snow is usual for Uzbekistan, but there are more sunny than cloudy days. Coats, hats, gloves, sweaters are recommended. In spring the weather is mild, day temperature fluctuates between +15 and +25, reaching +30 - +35 close to summer. Casual, lightweight clothing for daytime and light jacket, cardigan for the evening are suggested. If you are planning to visit Uzbekistan in summer, expect +36 - + 42. T-shirts and shorts will work the best. It is highly recommended to wear a hat, a cap or to use parasol.
Early autumn is like spring, T-shirts for daytime and light jacket might be need occasionally for evening time. Mid-October and November are rather cool, you will need light jackets during the daytime and raincoat sometimes. From early till late autumn weather temperature decreases from 35 till 15 degrees.
Generally, there are no strict limitations on clothing, especially in Tashkent and other major cities, where particularly young people enjoy full liberty with clothing. You can frequently encounter young ladies wearing traditional Islamic covers, but this is a personal preference rather than a must.
In some provinces, however, such as Ferghana Valley, it would be better to avoid wearing shorts. Same rule is applied when visiting religious places, mosques, mausoleums, etc. Also, ladies should cover their shoulders and chest and preferably wear a hat or a headscarf.
In summer time it would be advisable to follow the above recommendation to protect yourself from the sun. Also, sun protection lotions can be used.
No, there are no any prerequisites for vaccination for travelers.
Yes, however there is a row of limitations. Some pain relieving, sedative and sleeping drugs are forbidden or their import is limited. There are medications that can be imported with the prescription; for medications that do not require the prescription limitations on quantity apply. More information on importing medication to Uzbekistan is available here.
Importing, selling, or using unmanned airborne vehicles by private persons has been prohibited in Uzbekistan since January, 2015.
There are exceptions for importing and using unmanned airborne vehicles (such as drones) for creative groups that will be using them to take photos and videos about the touristic potential of the country. Operators should submit applications to the State Tourism Committee, the Ministry of Culture, and the Uzbek Film Committee, as well as the Ministry of Defense and the State Inspection Service for Pilot Safety about the people who will be operating drones and the places they will be flying. See the official regulation on usage of drones in Uzbekistan
Entering Uzbekistan, you can bring alcoholic beverages up to two bottles per person.
Important: For citizens flying from Uzbekistan to the EU, there is a limitation on the number of exported liquids in hand luggage: the volume of containers that contain liquids (alcohol, lotions, perfumes, etc.) should not exceed 100 ml, and the total liquid volume should not be over one liter.
We believe that offering a tour without the flight gives you several advantages. You are able to look around for the best deals on offer, probably saving yourself a lot of money. Also you have far greater flexibility in deciding which airline you might prefer to book with, where you want to come from, or where you might want to stop off en-route. As well as these, many people join our tours when they are already in the country, removing the need for a flight altogether.
If you have a group that is interested in adventure travel, which is associated with the activities or places with which we work, please contact us we will try to provide you exactly what 're looking for. We will gladly help you with this issue, as many tours that we made for customers has given us new ideas for tours to run permanently.
Each of our tours is graded, allowing you to define prior to booking a place whether is suitable for you. You should be fairly confident that you match our criteria for taking part in that particular activity.
Thanks to changes in the law, you’re now allowed to carry in an unlimited amount of cash without declaring it at the border, and may exit the country without declaration unless you’re carrying more than 100 million sum or its equivalent (approximately 7,8 thousand USD as of April 2024). This means that most visitors no longer need to bother with the old customs declaration forms upon entry or exit.

After Arrival

We'll be there for you. Our travel consultants team is available 24/7 by phone or email in case you need anything during the tour. You will also have the contact information of a local representative in your destination city who is on call in case anything comes up and can be there to help you.
Laundromats are not usual practice in Uzbekistan. Hotels usually offer such services for extra charge.
Drinking tap water is not recommended but you can use boiled water. Bottled water can be bought throughout the country.
In Uzbekistan it is not forbidden to take, sell and deliver alcoholic beverages.
In Uzbekistan cities there are a lot of private restaurants to suit every taste. Almost every street has a chaykhana (cafe) or a bakery. Average lunch costs from $4 and upwards, depending on what you order and where. Below there is a list of restaurants, food quality and service level of which, according to our experience, are most suited to tastes of tourists.
In Tashkent we can offer your such restaurants as Afsona, City Grill, Caravan, Jumanji, L’Opera, Gruzinskiy Dvorik, Navvat, Manas, Khan Chapan, Plov.
In Samarkand: Platan, Samarkand, Noviy Arbat, Istiqlol, Sirius, Oriental Sweets, Sogdiana cafe
In Bukhara: Doston House, Bella Italia, Zaytoon, Old Bukhara, Saffron, Andara.
In Khiva: Khorezm Art cafe in the Alakulikhan Madrassah, Asia Khiva Hotel’s restaurant, cafe of Zarafshan-opa, Terrassa cafe.
There are a number of restaurants in Tashkent, Samarkand, Bukhara, and Khiva that offer vegetarian options on their menus. However, vegetarianism is not widely embraced in Uzbekistan, so in many instances, you may need to request specially prepared meals. On the bright side, local markets abound with a wide array of fresh fruits and vegetables.
Unlike tea, coffee is not a popular drink among the Uzbeks. In some areas it is very difficult to get coffee. Rare hotels offer French coffee, instead instant coffee offered.
In some places, it is possible to pay by credit cards. Master Card and Visa are accepted.
Currency exchange offices of the country provide exchange operations of sums to dollars before departuring from Uzbekistan, on conditions that tourist preserve a document, given by bank, which indicated primary currency exchange of dollars to sums (or any other currency). However, it is worth considering that exchange offices may not have the currency you need.
Regular start time is 09.00. Upon your request a tour can be started earlier or later.
International visitors have the option to subscribe to any of the mobile network providers operating in Uzbekistan. These companies offer specific tariff plans tailored to the needs of tourists. Moreover, SIM cards can conveniently be purchased upon arrival at Tashkent airport.
There are no fees to pay when you enter or depart Uzbekistan. But you might have taxi expenses while crossing Uzbekistan-Turkmenistan borders (Dashoguz and Farap on Turkmenistan side, Shavat and Alat on Uzbekistan side) where transport is available most of the times. You are advised to bring clean, unmarked, untorn small USD bills printed in 2006 or later as cards and Euros are not accepted at the land borders.
Tourists may wish to express their appreciation, a reward for extra service to the porters, waiters, drivers and guides. The degree of appreciation may vary, and our policy is to leave this to your discretion. This is usually given individually at the end of the tour/service.
In Uzbekistan tipping is not compulsory or expected, however, tips can be given optionally if service is particularly good.
Restaurants/ Cafes/ Bars: most of them automatically apply 10-15% service surcharge to the customer's bill. No additional tipping is needed, however it is appreciated. There are few tourist orientated restaurants that do not charge for the service. There 15-20% tipping would be expected. If the restaurant/café doesn’t have an extra service charge, it usually will be shown on a menu, as charge the service is rather by default.
Hotels: service charge is always included, but bell-boys may expect a small gratuity.
Drivers and guides: tips for drivers and guides services express your appreciation or a reward for extra service and always at your discretion. It is usually given at the end of the tour/service.
We provide Uzbekistan map with detailed city maps of Tashkent, Samarkand, Bukhara, and Khiva. However, we advise to download to your mobile phone offline map of cities you plan to visit. The following offline applications can be useful:,

Transportation questions

Yes, in 2019 a direct railroad from Bukhara to Khiva opened. The trip takes 8 hours. More details about the directions and schedules can be found here.
Uzbekistan overnight trains have three classes: Lux class coupe for 2 persons, 1st class coupe for 4 persons, and platscart class, but we do not recommend this class to travel by. Generally, coupe-classes have additional amenities and better service level.
Yes, it's possible to purchase electronic train tickets in Uzbekistan. On your travel day, simply present the QR code of your ticket at the train station. Train tickets typically become available for purchase between 30 to 45 days prior to the journey, with the exact timing dependent on the specific destination.
Tashkent is a modern city with an extensive public transportation system, offering a wide variety of transit options. In addition to taxis, you can catch scheduled buses or take the metro. The fare for a single trip is 2,000 sum, which is roughly equivalent to 16 cents.
In cities like Samarkand and Bukhara, it's recommended to use taxis. This is due to the fact that tourist sites are generally close to each other, and the public transportation systems are not as comfortable for tourists as they are in Tashkent.
On average, taxi rides within Uzbek cities cost between 5 to 10 dollars per trip. Using a taxi service to order a ride is often more convenient as there's a higher chance the driver will speak a foreign language. However, alongside official taxi services, there's a common practice of private taxi rides. There's a price difference of around 2 to 3 dollars per trip between these private taxis and official taxi services.
No, there is not. But in Uzbekistan, you can rent a car with a driver. Here is a list of available models of cars for a rent, provided by our company.

General Questions

Local guide provides historical, cultural and contemporary information, heritage interpretation to individual travelers and organized tour groups. Usually tour guides work in their home town and do not travel with the clients throughout the country. They typically work on a daily basis. Local guides have a recognized certificate.
Tour leader: A person who accompanies a tour group or individual travelers throughout the country or region, usually with a particular knowledge of the region. Their job entails providing commentary, routing the tour, timing the tour and looking after logistics like hotel check-ins, local flight check ins, reservations for attractions, making arrangements for meals. In some cases tour leaders also act as a tour guide and provide sightseeing tours in some places. Tour leaders have a recognized certificate.

Below we give distances between the main tourist cities.

Cities Distance, km
Tashkent-Samarkand 315
Tashkent-Shakhrisabz 390
Tashkent-Fergana 315
Tashkent-Bukhara 575
Tashkent-Khiva 1015
Samarkand-Shakhrisabz 90
Samarkand-Bukhara 265
Samarkand-Fergana 560
Samarkand-Khiva 710
Bukhara-Khiva 445
Bukhara-Fergana 825
The voltage is 220 V. In order to use 110/120-Voltage devices in places where there is only a 220/240V power you need to use step-down voltage converter or a combination converter. Buying a converter, you need to proceed from your appliance's wattage and circuitry.
The official language is Uzbek (Turkic origin), but the main part of population can speak Russian (Slavonic origin). In some areas (Samarkand, Bukhara) people also speak Tadjik (Persian origin). English is getting popular among young people. Excellent multilingual speaking guides and escorts are easily available throughout the country.
The official currency of Uzbekistan is the sum. Banknotes in circulation range in value from 1,000 to 200,000 sum. Notes with a denomination less than 1,000 sum have been phased out of circulation. While coins do exist, they are seldom used.
Uzbekistan phone code is +998. Click here for city and mobile phone codes.
Single supplement – surcharge added to the cost to solo travelers travelling in a group, when they take a room alone.
Half board includes breakfast and either lunch OR dinner. Full board includes all three meals.
Double room – a room shared by two people. It has one big bed (King-sized bed).Twin room – a room shared by two people. It has two single (separate) beds.
Guest house is a house run by local people who live at the same premises. It’s similar to a hostel, bed and breakfast, or inn. Guest house is a type of inexpensive hotel-like lodging. National house is a house where local people live and receive visitors for lunch and dinners. You can order a dish from local national cuisine and feel yourself like home there. Accommodation is usually not provided in national houses.