Yerevan City Tour

Yerevan City Tour

Yerevan City Tour, in the capital of Armenia – ancient but always young city of Yerevan that can boast with its old monuments and modern architecture.

Armenian Genocide memorial complex, History Museum of Armenia

1 Day | All year round | from US$ 90 per person Details

Top 10 Landmarks and Attractions in Yerevan

Top 10 Landmarks and Attractions in Yerevan

We’ve put together a list of the top 10 must-see attractions in Yerevan—these are the most interesting, beautiful, and insightful spots in the capital of Armenia. If you're keen to really understand Yerevan's culture, history, and contemporary life, exploring these popular places will give you a vivid glimpse of this ancient, colorful city. Some of the sites are right in the center, easy to reach, while others, the true hidden gems of Yerevan, are a bit off the beaten path.

Be prepared for a good amount of physical activity when visiting these attractions, as most of them involve a lot of walking, including some stair climbing. A thorough day of exploring will rack up at least 10,000 steps and involve ascending and descending 200-300 stairs. But don’t worry, there are also a few spots where you can make some great discoveries without having to move much at all.

So, what are the best landmarks and attractions in Yerevan? Let's find out!

1. The Cascade

The Cascade, Yerevan

The Grand Cascade is a fascinating construction resembling a lengthy staircase, complete with rooms, fountains, and sculptures. This modern architectural landmark began its construction back in the 1970s and still isn’t finished. It's a must-see spot for anyone visiting Yerevan. From the top, you’ll get a gorgeous view of the city, and on a clear day, you can even spot Mount Ararat in the distance. It’s the most Instagram-worthy place in Yerevan, thanks to the inspiring sculptures at the base and the fountains, plus the Cascade’s walls adorned with stylish ornaments making for the perfect photo backdrop.

2. Matenadaran

Matenadaran, Yerevan

The Matenadaran is the principal library of Armenia, situated close to the Grand Cascade and styled after 12th-century Armenian architecture. It stands proudly with a statue of Mesrop Mashtots, the inventor of the Armenian alphabet, at its forefront. The name 'Matenadaran' itself means ‘book repository’. It functions as both a museum and a research institute, housing over 17,000 ancient manuscripts and more than 100,000 books and documents. The exhibits feature fascinating books with ancient texts and unique miniatures. While most manuscripts are in Armenian, you'll also find texts in Russian, Hebrew, Latin, Persian, and Arabic. A visit here is essential for anyone interested in the list of the top 10 attractions in Yerevan, as the ancient manuscripts of Matenadaran are truly captivating.

3. Yerevan Brandy Company

Yerevan Brandy Company

This is Yerevan's standout and most robust attraction, making it one of the most interesting Yerevan attractions. The Yerevan Brandy Company, operational for over 150 years, has seen many owners, achieved the status of a certified brandy producer akin to those in France, and is surrounded by legends, often linked to famous figures like Stalin and Churchill.

Now, it consists of two competing factories named "Ararat" and "Noah," competing for over two decades. They regularly host tastings. Even if you're not into alcohol, a tour of the facility is both atmospheric and informative. The dark cellars, huge barrels, dusty bottles, and enthralling tales of brandy's secrets will even charm those who prefer to abstain.

4. Erebuni Fortress and Museum

Erebuni Fortress and Museum, Yerevan

Erebuni and Yerevan share a deep connection; the fortress on Arin-Berd hill, founded in 782 BC, is considered the birthplace of the Armenian capital. Amazingly, its existence remained a mystery until the 20th century. It wasn't until the mid-last century that wall ruins were uncovered, leading to major archaeological digs that revealed Yerevan's age to be 2800 years. Much of the fortress has been restored today, and climbing up provides a sweeping view of the city.

Opened in 1968 at the hill's base, the Erebuni Museum contains over 1500 items excavated between 1950 and 1959. Here, visitors can see massive stones etched with cuneiform script, ancient armor and weapons, various household items, and jewelry. Both the Erebuni Fortress and Museum are significant Yerevan landmarks, offering a unique glimpse into the city's rich history for buffs and archaeology enthusiasts.

5. Republic Square

Republic Square, Yerevan

Republic Square is the heart of Yerevan and a highlight among the top 10 landmarks and attractions in Yerevan. During the week, it functions as a bustling roundabout with exits leading in every direction. On holidays and festival days, the square transforms: stages are erected, car traffic is blocked off, and thousands of people gather to celebrate.

The square is surrounded by impressive buildings including the Government House, the Ministry Building, the Communications Building, the Marriott Armenia Hotel, and the History Museum of Armenia. In front of the museum, there are fountains that light up beautifully at night. Republic Square is the perfect spot to soak up some 20th-century architecture and get a feel for the pulse of modern Yerevan. It’s one of the liveliest places in the city, and for many, it’s the starting point of their Yerevan adventure.

6. David of Sasun

David of Sasun, Yerevan

For those arriving in Yerevan by train, the first thing you'll see is the imposing statue of David of Sasun at the station square. This dynamic statue captures the courage and determination of the Armenian people to defend their land. David of Sasun, a hero from the national epic, embodies the true spirit of a freedom-loving Armenian.

The statue is impressive, standing 12.5 meters tall with David mounted on his mythical horse, Jalali. Beneath the horse's feet, there’s an overturned bowl, symbolizing the patience of the Armenian people. This iconic statue is a prominent feature among Yerevan attractions, welcoming visitors with a powerful depiction of national pride.

7. Tsitsernakaberd

Tsitsernakaberd, Yerevan

Tsitsernakaberd is a solemn monument to the victims of the 1915 Armenian Genocide. Built in 1967 on Tsitsernakaberd Hill, the complex features a 40-meter tall obelisk split into two parts, a mausoleum with overhanging walls where an eternal flame burns, and a memory alley with a commemorative wall.

The site is a poignant reminder of one of the darkest chapters in Armenian history. Every year on April 24th, thousands gather here to pay their respects to the victims of the genocide.

From the hill, you get sweeping views of the entire city and its surroundings.

8. Sergei Parajanov Museum

Sergei Parajanov Museum, Yerevan

Sergei Parajanov, one of the 20th century’s most famous directors, created a new poetic cinema language. He made films that didn’t always sit well with Soviet censors, often paying a high price for his artistry. Despite the challenges, his friends supported him relentlessly, and he became Armenia’s most celebrated director. Although he rarely lived in Armenia, he visited a few times to create his masterpiece, "The Color of Pomegranates" (originally "Sayat-Nova").

Following his death, according to his will, a museum opened in 1991 in Yerevan showcasing his artwork, including drawings, sculptures, sketches, photos, documents, and personal items. The Parajanov Museum, a pivotal part of Yerevan attractions, is a unique spot and a must-visit, ranked among Yerevan's top attractions.

9. Armenian National Opera and Ballet Theater

Armenian National Opera and Ballet Theater, Yerevan

The cultural heartbeat of Yerevan, this theater is a prominent entry on the list of TOP 10 attractions in Yerevan. Founded in 1932, the building was erected in 1940 by Yerevan's chief architect, Alexander Tamanian. The architecture is noteworthy both inside and out, with two large auditoriums that seat over a thousand people each and boast superb acoustics. The theater has even won a Grand Prix at an architectural exhibition in Paris. Today, the theater is a hub of cultural activity, regularly hosting premieres of new shows. Located in the city center and easily accessible via an alley from the Grand Cascade, it’s a good idea to buy your tickets in advance if you’re planning to catch a show.

10. Vernissage Market

Vernissage Market, Yerevan

At first glance, it’s simply the Armenian flea market. But dive a little deeper, and you’ll discover a treasure trove of all things whimsical and historical. Just 500 meters from Republic Square, plan to spend at least a couple of hours here, not just a quick half-hour.

You’ll find all sorts of handmade goods: backgammon sets, jewelry boxes, musical instruments, dolls, and other unique finds. Soviet-era items are particularly interesting, including gramophones, cameras, binoculars, medals, statuettes, crystal glasses, and porcelain dinner sets. Vernissage is a paradise for those who love to fill their homes with unique, eye-catching pieces. If you enjoy decorating with flair, you’re bound to find something special here.

The list of the top 10 attractions in Yerevan could easily be expanded with another ten interesting places that are also worthy of mention. However, we have decided to highlight a few locations situated in the outskirts of Yerevan:

Echmiadzin, Yerevan

Echmiadzin is the religious center of Armenia and the capital of the Armenian Apostolic Church, located 20 km from Yerevan. It is the most revered site for Armenians worldwide. Armenia was the first country in the world to declare Christianity as its state religion in 301 AD, and it was then that the first cathedral of Echmiadzin was founded. Today, the complex includes several churches that were built gradually over a thousand years.

Zvartnots, Yerevan

Zvartnots consists of the ruins of an ancient temple located 5 km from Echmiadzin. The temple was built in the mid-7th century but was unfortunately completely destroyed during a major earthquake in the 10th century. However, its columns and stone foundations still impress with their grandeur, and the exquisite stone carvings showcase the craftsmanship of masons from those distant times.

Levon’s Underground – a young and fascinating attraction on the outskirts of Yerevan, just 8 km from the city center. This small underground kingdom was created by just one person. Once, at his wife’s request, Levon Tosi began building a potato storage in the basement of his house but got carried away and over 23 years created an entire labyrinth of corridors, stairs, and rooms. The total area of the underground is 300 square meters (3,230 square feet), with a depth of 21 meters accessed by 80 steps.