Krakhuna grapes, a Georgian white grape variety found mainly in Imereti Region, are used to produce table and dessert wines.
Based on its morphological features, Krakhuna is classified as a western Georgian grape variety. According to famous Georgian historian Ivane Javakhishvili, its name originated locally and can be translated from an Imeretian dialect as “crispy”.
Today the Krakhuna grape is widespread in the villages of Middle Imereti and is less commonly found in Upper and Lower Imereti and in Racha, Lechkhumi, Guria and Samegrelo Regions. It is now also grown abroad in select locations.
The vegetation period of the Krakhuna grape depends on weather and meteorological conditions. In warm areas the vegetation period is shorter, while in cooler climates this variety has a longer vegetation period, as the gradual accumulation of heat helps the grapes to ripen. Thus, Krakhuna ripens the earliest in Imereti Region and the latest in southern Ukraine. It begins to give the first full crop in the third or fourth year after planting.
Khrakhuna wine is known for its strong potential to age. When made according to the Classical style it has a yellow-tinted straw color and is characterized by fullness, energy and a pleasant taste.
Krakhuna wine produced according to the Imeretian style is amber yellow in color and is characterized by a peculiar varietal aroma of banana, honey and white stone fruits. This variety is noted for its energy and slight roughness in youth.
Krakhuna are often mixed with two other major grape varieties of Imereti - Tsitska and Tsolikouri. The resulting wine is distinguished by its golden color, strong bouquet and harmonious, delicate taste.